Corona: US-Brazil, not the world's number one in terms of mortality, this country is top - World Updatez with MK

Corona: US-Brazil, not the world's number one in terms of mortality, this country is top

The list of countries severely affected by corona is the United States, Brazil, India and Mexico. Nevertheless, the country with the highest death toll from Covid-19 is neither the United States nor Brazil nor India.

Peru, adjacent to the eastern coastline of South America, is the country with the highest mortality rate in the world due to Covid-19.

According to Johns Hopkins University, the mortality rate is 88.40 per cent. That is, if one lakh people are sick, about 88 people die.

The first case of corona virus infection among Latin American countries was recorded in Brazil. Brazil ranks second in the list of countries severely affected by the corona virus, where the virus has so far claimed nearly one million thousand lives.

The death toll in the U.S. worst hit by the corona will be two million in a few weeks.

Corona: US-Brazil, not the world's number one in terms of mortality, this country is top

Corona viruses death rates, Peru highest mortality rate.Corona: US-Brazil, not the world's number one in terms of mortality, this country is top    Image: getty images

The first ban was imposed in this country-

In the early stages of the epidemic, Peru was the country in Latin American countries that imposed strict restrictions to prevent the spread of the virus. Peru was also the first country to deliver relief packages to recover from the lockdown shocks.

Peru has so far killed 28,471 people due to corona and Peru ranks ninth among the countries that died of the virus, according to the Johns Hopkins dashboard.

There has been a slight decrease in corona deaths in the past week. On Wednesday, the health ministry had confirmed 123 deaths, but the death toll on Thursday was 153.

But what is the reason why this country with a population of 325 million (2019) is suffering more than corona deaths. 

Find out what are the five reasons behind this:

Main reasons behind this :

First reason: Bad health system

Dr. Eduardo Gotuzo, professor at the Citado Herdia University of Lima and former director of the Institute of Tropical Medicine, says the country has invested less in revamping the health system.

He points out that there is not only a shortage of hospitals but no beds in the ICU, the salaries of the health workers are low and there is only one lab which is capable of molecular tests.

Investment in the health sector has grown slightly in the last two decades. According to a World Bank estimate, health investments of up to 4.9 per cent of the country's total GDP began to grow by 2017.

Elmer Cuban, economist at Macrocoult Consultancy, says  "Yet the per capita expenditure on health here is significantly lower than the growth rate. "

In the early stages of the epidemic, there were only 3000 beds in the hospitals and 100 beds in the ICU. According to President Martin Vizkara, the number of beds in hospitals has increased to 18,000 and in ICU to 1,660 by the end of June.

Doctor Eduardo Gotuzo says "But this epidemic is one step ahead of your preparedness ".

Says Dr Ernesto Gosser, an expert on public health at The University of Citado Heredia. "The improvement in the health system is affecting the low mortality rate".

However, he believes that this cannot be the only reason why the mortality rate is high.

Second Reason- Less Focus on Prevention

dr. goser admits that the country's waSecond Reason- Less Focus On Prevention:y of fighting the corona is the way to fight the corona. "The important role of hospitals and less emphasis on safety and testing was."

 "As a result, the rising rate of corona infection could not be prevented despite the first school, college closure, sealing of borders and keeping people in quarantine, arranging more beds in hospitals and dedicated health workers and officials. Due to this, what was expected from the lockdown could not be fulfilled."

He says, "The government has increased the number of beds in the ICU, but this is the last stage of the disease where the government has paid more attention, while at the same stage the risk of death is highest."

He says that the government's approach meant that the disease could be treated in a hospital, . "But those working in public health know that our effort should be to prevent people from reaching that last stop."

Criticising the government, he says the government has increased the number of serological tests and rapid tests that do not give accurate information about the infection, but the government should have increased the number of molecular tests that are capable of providing real information about the infection.

As of Friday, 154,197 cases have been confirmed through molecular tests in Peru, while 467,800 cases have been confirmed three times more through rapid tests.

At the beginning of the corona epidemic, there was only one laboratory in the country where molecular tests took place. By June, the number was increased to 35 by 12th and August.

Dr. Eduardo Gotuzo says that when infection cases are first identified, identifying and isolateing people who have been in contact with them, contract tracing is also the first and helps prevent epidemics.

Dr. Goser says that  "The government's emphasis was on increasing the beds in the ICU, while the government's focus was on how the ICU did not come. "

The third reason- lack of oxygen:

Another reason why corona deaths in Peru was lack of oxygen.

There have been repeated pictures in the media showing that people are engaged in long lines for oxygen. Many oxygen suppliers raised the price and opened oxygen sales centres to see the growing demand for oxygen.

In June, the government declared oxygen a "national interest" product and said the country would buy $2.5 million in oxygen in view of the growing demand.

Dr. Goser says"The lack of oxygen had a direct bearing on mortality because those who needed it and whose health could probably have improved from it also deteriorated and they also needed ICU where there was already acute shortage of beds."

Fourth Reason: Government Haste

When the corona was spreading to many countries in the world, the Peruvian government also immediately came into action and imposed strict restrictions.

At the same time, 9 to 12 per cent of GDP was kept to help those whose jobs went off due to lockdown.

But the government's help was inadequate. Peru's 71 per cent of its population either works in the unorganized sector or works as a wage. It was difficult for them not to get out of the house.

President Vizkara called the markets in may to address crowded areas such as the  "Center of corona virus0 Going to those places in March and April had been part of people's daily lives," said.

The government started giving money to people through banks. But in Peru, only 38.1 per cent of adults have bank accounts, so a large number of people arrive at banks.

Doctor Gotuzo says.  "The government took steps to rein in the epidemic, but the steps actually helped to further spread the epidemic."

Says Hugo Nopo, regional head of the International Labour Organization, "In the wake of the epidemic, the steps that governments in Europe were taking, the Peruvian government imitated them, but realizing the situation in Peru, we needed to think about different measures for the country."

 "No one was aware of the epidemic in the country. Nobody expected the government to make a mistake. But if the government err, it should keep the scope for improvement by maintaining transparency."

The Peruvian government also improved its mistakes, took steps to secure markets and improve market order, extended banking time, arranged for automatic bank accounts of people over the age of 18.

Fifth Reason - Violation of Lockdown Rules
In recent days, many people criticized those who followed the government's rules and said that these people were responsible for spreading the epidemic.

The reason was a recent party in Lima where 13 people died in the stampede. Despite the ban on public events in Peru, 130 people attended the party in Tomas Restroba. There was a stampede when the police arrived.

Hugo Nopo says "It wasn't the same case as this. But it indicates that people want to follow the rules. Unfortunately, but we are going to have to pay the price."

On Thursday, police told a newspaper that there have been 321 such parties in the country since the outbreak of the epidemic.

According to the newspaper, "One of the major reasons for increasing the data of infection in the country is our mistakes. But another thing that has happened is to blame the victim Blem, who is troubled, while the social system is guilty of it."

Says Pablo Lavado, Professor of Economics at Universida del Pacificio "It is true that the number of deaths caused by such parties has increased, but I do not believe that this is the main reason for corona deaths. No data has surfaced so far that confirms this."

Government's response to higher mortality

In a recent interview in Peru, Peru admitted that Peru's death toll in the world is the highest in terms of the death toll from the corona.

He said,  "I don't know if there is any other country in the epidemic that is transparent like ours with mortality."

He said, "People follow the rules imposed to prevent corona. "

The government says awareness about following the rules of social disstening will now be spread so that people are safe.

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